Final report (2012-2016)

Final scientific report

From natural history to science: the emergence of experimental philosophy 2012-2016

(PN-II-ID-2011-3-0719)

Director of project: Dana Jalobeanu

 

Synopsis

Our six-year investigation into early modern forms of natural history has reached, in many ways, far beyond its initial goals. We have managed to introduce into the scholarly debates new historiographic categories, and we have put them to work on a growing number of case-studies. The concept of research-oriented natural history (Jalobeanu 2014b, 2015a, 2015b), as well as that of “Senecan natural histories” (Jalobeanu 2012, 2015a) are already used by international colleagues in their analyses of early modern forms of experimental philosophy (Garber 2014, Van Dyck and Vermeir, 2014, Lawson 2014, Scott, 2016). Similarly, what has been recently called the “Bucharest interpretation of Bacon,” i.e, the interpretation centered on Bacon’s methodology (art) of experimenting is increasingly cited in the literature (Giglioni, 2014, Garber, 2014, Schwartz, 2014, Selcer, 2014, Cardenas-Baretto, 2015, Silver, 2015, Park, 2016, Giglioni, 2016, Anstey and Vanzo 2016, Vanzo, 2016, Feingold, 2016). Since 2012, the members of this project have published 12 articles in leading journals, 13 articles in other journals (BDI) and 9 book chapters; and some of our work is currently cited by colleagues across the world (see citations below). We have published one book, two editions, one PhD thesis, and we have finished and submitted to the publisher two other books. We have managed to disseminate our results not only by publications, but also by initiating various international short-term and long-term collaborations. The fruits of these international collaborations can be easily seen if we take into considerations the fellowships, grants and jobs the members of our teams got in the past two years. Our initial group, based in Bucharest is now, six years after the beginning of the project, working in various research centers across the world (Princeton, Groningen, Ghent, Karlsruhe). This, I think, is a convincing proof of the success of our research.

A special set of objectives of our project regarded the introduction of our topics of research in the Romanian academia and among students, as well as the education of young PhDs and post-docs in the direction of doing high quality research on early modern science and experimental philosophy. In this direction, we have also surpassed our initial set of objectives. We have introduced and taught new courses (both graduate and undergraduate) and we have initiated two major series of translations (see below) with the University of Bucharest Press and Humanitas. The first series, entitled Philosophical cosmology: fundamental texts will consist of four volumes of course-materials (annotated texts with translations and introductions, illustrating the evolution of philosophical cosmology from the 16th to the 19th century). We have published at the end of 2015 the first volume: Philosophical Cosmology in the Renaissance. The second series, published with Humanitas, is a 10 volumes series of Francis Bacon, Philosophical works. We have finished and submitted to publication volume 2, Francis Bacon, Sylva Sylvarum. When published, this translation will be the first translation, in a European language, of Francis Bacon’s magnum opus (se details below).

 

Scientific goals and landmarks of our project

Our aim in this project was to investigate the diverse and rich ways in which observation and experiment featured in various forms of natural history of the sixteenth and seventeenth century, in view of reassessing the role and function played by natural historical explorations in the development of experimental philosophy. This meant working on two fronts: on the one hand, we undertook a thorough investigation of various forms of early modern natural history, with a general purpose to disentangle the discussion on the nature and function of early modern experimentation from its age-long association with questions of testimony, credibility and evidence, and to draw attention to more focused questions regarding the creative role of experimentation (Jalobeanu, Pastorino 2014), research-oriented attitudes (Dobre 2013b, Jalobeanu 2015a, 2015b), expert-testimony (Jalobeanu 2014c, 2015a). On the other hand, we proposed several new historiographic categories to help our investigation. Following the proposal formulated by Jalobeanu of a “Senecan natural history” (Jalobeanu 2012), we have proposed to distinguish between more traditional natural histories and research-oriented natural histories (Jalobeanu 2015a, 2015b). We have shown, by investigating a number of case-studies, how this new historiographic category can help making sense of works and techniques of investigating nature so far kept apart in the secondary literature, or simply difficult to classify. The work done by Rusu and Jalobeanu on Francis Bacon and Giovani Battista della Porta and the investigations done by Matei on the works of Gabriel Plattes and Ralph Austen have proven this conclusively. Jalobeanu and Dobre have also attempted to explain the interesting interplay one can see between this research-oriented natural history and experimental philosophy in the works of figures usually classified in different traditions such as Galileo Galilei (Jalobeanu 2014b) and Jacques Rohault (Dobre 2014b, 2017forthcoming), or Pierre Sylvain Regis and Francois Bayle (Dobre, forthcoming). Dobre’s proposal to deal with various brands of “Cartesian empiricism(s)” in more methodologically tolerant ways has been also very much favorably quoted in the recent years (see Ragland 2014, {Garber, 2015 #2846}Garber 2015, Vanzo 2015, Ariew et al. 2015, Hatfield 2016). Extending the same line of investigation, Matei has identified yet another formerly neglected form of experimental and experimental investigation which – in line with the actors’ category – she called “vegetable philosophy.” The works of Matei (2014, 2016 plus forthcoming, unpublished work) undertake important steps in the direction of disentangling this previous unexplored form of natural historical and experimental investigation and to place it on the increasingly complex map of early modern learning.

Another important and quite successful line of investigation we have undertaken in the past six years can be described as a new approach to Francis Bacon’s “scientific” work, i.e., the natural and experimental histories put together by Bacon between 1622 and 1626. Our team has done important steps to disentangle the sources, purpose, shape and extent of Francis Bacon’s project to reform natural historical research and to transform it into proper, experimental science. Jalobeanu has shown that Francis Bacon’s natural and experimental histories display a sophisticated and yet under-investigated methodology of experimentation, the “art” of experientia literata (Jalobeanu 2013a, 2015a, 2016a). Rusu has investigated the interesting interplay between natural history and natural magic in Bacon’s late works, showing to what extent the late Sylva Sylvarum was influenced (and shaped) by works such as Giovani Battista Della Porta, Magia naturalis (Rusu 2013, 2017a). Matei has investigated the Baconianism of some of the key figures in Samuel Hartlib’s circle, such as Ralph Austen or Gabriel Plattes (Matei 2016, also Matei forthcoming, unpublished).

These investigations have prompted us to cover new grounds, such as a more extended exploration of the intersections and interplay between research-oriented natural history and the natural magic tradition. This was also one of the directions of research in which we began by establishing a small international team. Dana Jalobeanu organized a panel-session at the Scientiae 2014 conference in Vienna, with Arianna Borrelli, Cesare Pastorino, Koen Vermeir and Sergius Kodera. Some of the papers presented there were pursued by further investigative research in the two workshops we have co-organized in Paris (December 2014) and Berlin (March 2015) and will appear next year in a special edition of Centaurus edited by Dana Jalobeanu and Doina-Cristina Rusu. This is a paradigmatic example of how short-term collaboration (organizing a panel in a leading international conference) has turned into long-term commitment to extensive study of one of the key aspects of the research project.

Another line of investigation which has opened in front of us important international collaboration was the translation project of Francis Bacon’s Sylva Sylvarum. This translation has a very important research component, since we are talking about one of Bacon’s works which did not get, so far, a modern edition. Sylva Sylvarum, or a natural history in ten centuries was published posthumously in 1626 and constituted, in many ways, Francis Bacon’s magnum opus. It was one of his most popular books until well into the eighteenth century, and went through a large number of editions in English and Latin throughout the seventeenth century. However, the changing tides of Baconian scholarship which brought Novum Organum to the fore of academic interest in the nineteenth century have thrown Sylva Sylvarum and the other natural histories into disrepute. This is the main cause why, to date, we are still working with an outdated nineteenth century edition of the work. In the past ten years, the editorial team of The Oxford Francis Bacon has initiated the project of a modern critical edition of the Sylva Sylvarum; but their work is far from completion. In our work of translating and annotating Sylva we have initiated an extended collaboration with the team in charge of the Oxford Francis Bacon volume of Sylva Sylvarum (co-ordinated by Guido Giglioni) and with the French team preparing a French translation of Sylva Sylvarum (co-ordinated by Claire Crignon). We took part in several workshops and organized a number of international meetings in Bucharest (see the list on our web-site). Collaborative research in this direction will continue even after the end of the project with meetings in London (Dec. 8, 2016) and Paris (Feb. 23, 2017).

While working on the project, we have also developed new hypotheses and directions of investigation. One such new direction emerged from Jalobeanu’s and Dobre’s work on the sixteenth and seventeenth century cosmological projects. Jalobeanu has shown that a number of sixteenth century “cosmologies” read, in fact, as natural history of the heavens; and investigated the interplay of research-oriented natural history, cosmography, instrument and map-making in the works of Francis Bacon (Jalobeanu 2014a), Galileo Galileo (Jalobeanu 2014b), Robert Recorde, Thomas Digges, William Gilbert and Johannes Kepler (Jalobeanu 2016b, and forthcoming, unpublished work). Jalobeanu and Dobre have initiated a number of seminars and courses on philosophical cosmology and a new editorial project of translating some of the fundamental texts of philosophical cosmology (see the next section).

 

The translating project: natural history and philosophical cosmology. Establishing new fields of research in the Romanian academia

From the beginning, our project had two components: one was centered on the investigative work of the researcher. The second had a pedagogical component and aimed to teach young researchers and students how to pursue high quality research in this field. In order to reach the second goal, we have initiated a translation project. This project had multiple purposes. On the one hand, it was imagined as method of collaboration in research and team-building. On the other hand, we used it to construct our common vocabulary and clarify our work-hypotheses. Last but not least, we imagined the translation project as a vehicle for disseminating research within the Romanian academic community, attract new students and develop a new field of research.

As it is well known, this project, like all the others PCE projects had to be reorganized almost every year, due to the quite unpredictable system of financing. This has obliged us to redefine and recalibrate our activities to suit this short-term system of planning. We devised a system of courses and seminars intended to investigate various aspects of Francis Bacon’s natural history. Since many of these aspects are cosmological, we begun by imagining a series of activities intended to clarify and contextualize this cosmology. We devised and taught a series of four modules of a general course entitled Philosophical cosmology: fundamental texts. Two modules were more introductory, while two of these course-modules are more advanced (for MA level students). We have taught these cosmology courses in 2014, 2015 and 2016 in the Department of Philosophy (at both undergrad and MA level). In parallel, we have initiated a series of translations covering fundamental texts in cosmology. We imagined this series as a help for students, leading to the construction of a series of handbooks for these courses. Meanwhile, translating and editing such text has an important research component in establishing the text, the context, in elucidating the terms and their meaning, in understanding the numerous philological, philosophical and scientific questions occurring in the text. The volume published so far illustrates this scientific work done by the members of our team as well as its pedagogical extension, with the help of which we have managed to include students and associated new members in this translation project.

This project was a major success and got a life of its own. It seems we have identified in it a lacunae in the Romanian academia: the field of philosophical cosmology. It also seems this is an interesting interdisciplinary field which can attract many students. Thus, our initial project of publishing one or two volumes of annotating fragments evolved, due to the students’ interest, into a four-volume series of Philosophical cosmology: fundamental texts (editor Dana Jalobeanu) covering the Renaissance (vol. 1), the post-Cartesian philosophers (1640-1700) (vol. II), the Newtonian cosmology (vol. 3) and the 19th-century cosmology (vol. 4). These volumes will all consists of fragments of fundamental texts, annotated and supplemented with short introductions, as well as a section of `further readings`. They will be partly realized with the help of students. The first volume of the series, edited by Jalobeanu and Rusu has been published in 2015 (second edition 2016). It contains translations and introductory studies in the works of William Gilbert, Robert Recorde, Jose de Acosta, Thomas Tymme, Gabriel Plattes, a cosmological text by Francis Bacon, fragments from Galileo Galilei’s Dialogo (in a new translation), and from Descartes’s optics etc. The second volume, edited by Mihnea Dobre, will appear at the end of 2017. It contains texts by Descartes (Dioptrics), Kenelm Digby, Walter Charleton, Gerauld de Cordemoy, Jacques Rohault, Samuel Clarke, Thomas Burnett, Isaac Newton.

The second translation project, our first Romanian edition of Sylva Sylvarum is an altogether different kind of translation. As explained above, it required a serious work of investigative research, including archival research in British Library (where we have a good sample of the first 15 editions of the text, as well as the sole surviving fragmentary manuscript of the text). It also required consultation and collaboration with the international teams involved in realizing the English edition and the French edition. We have pursued this translation project for the full length of the six years: we had regular meetings and we initiated a translation blog (http://blogs.ub-filosofie.ro/pce/?page_id=1034 ) which also helped us stay in touch with our international colleagues. We take to be a recognition of the quality of our work that the leading Romanian publishing house, Humanitas has agreed not only to publish the manuscript, but also to include it into a 10-volumes series Francis Bacon – Philosophical works (general editor: Dana Jalobeanu). Sylva will be volume II of this series, while volume I will be a reprint of The Advancement of Learning (translated by Dana Jalobeanu and Grigore Vida and published in 2012).

 

Grants, fellowships and other achievements

By initiating this series of courses and translations we have also pursued our secondary, pedagogical goals of introducing related topics of research into Romanian academia. A number of very good students were formed in our team, and all of them, without exception, have been successful in obtaining highly competitive scholarships to study for a PhD in Princeton (Claudia Dumitru), Ghent (Laura Georgescu and Madalina Giurgea) and Karlshrue (Sandra Dragomir). Some of the members of our group have also won prestigious post-docs, such as the VENI post-doc (2016-2020) obtained by Doina-Cristina Rusu, at the University of Groningen. Our former colleague Sebastian Mateiescu also obtained a 2 years post-doc at the University of Geneva (2014-2016). Dana Jalobeanu has obtained a visiting fellowship at Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin (June-July 2015).

 

Publications:

Jalobeanu, D. (2016a). Disciplining experience: Francis Bacon’s experimental series and the art of experimentation, Perspectives on Science 24 (3) 324-342.

Jalobeanu, D. (2016b). “Borders,” “Leaps” and “Orbs of Virtue:” A Contextual Reconstruction of Francis Bacon’s Extension-Related Concepts, in Boundaries, Extents and Circulations: Space and Spatiality in Early Modern Philosophy, edited by Koen Vermeir and Jonathan Regier, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 41, Dordrecht: Springer.

Jalobeanu, D. (2016c). “The marriage of physics with mathematics:” Francis Bacon on measurement, mathematics and the construction of a mathematical physics, in The Language of nature. Reassessing the Mathematization of Natural Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century, edited by G. Gordon, B. Hill, E. Slowik and K. Waters, Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science, 20: 51-81.

Jalobeanu, D.  (2016d). Bacon’s apples: A case study in Baconian experimentation, in Giglioni et. all., Francis Bacon on motion and Power, Dordrecht: Springer: 83-113.

Jalobeanu, D. (2015a). The Art of Experimental Natural History: Francis Bacon in Context, Zeta Books: București (2015), ISBN: 978-606-8266-92-3 (ebook), ISBN: 978-606-8266-93-0 (paperback).

Jalobeanu, D. (2015b). The toolbox of the early modern natural historian: Notebooks, commonplace books and the emergence of laboratory records, Journal of Early Modern Studies 4: 107-123.

Jalobeanu, D. (2015c). Magnificent Principia, Physics Today 68: 45-46.

Jalobeanu, D. (2015d). Robert Boyle’s Experimental Philosophy Revisited, Society and Politics 9: 100-102.

Jalobeanu, D. (2014a). Elements of natural history in Sidereus nuncius, Revue Roumaine de Philosophie 58: 55-77.

Jalobeanu, D. (2014b). The Principia for the common-reader: A New Trend in Newtonian Scholarship?, Societate și Politică 8 (2): 100-103.

Jalobeanu, D. (2014c). A natural history of the heavens: Francis Bacon’s anti-Copernicanism, in The making of Copernicus edited by Wolfgang Neuber, Thomas Rahn and Claus Zittel, special issue of Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture, Brill: 64-88.

Jalobeanu, D. (2014d). The French reception of Francis Bacon’s natural history in mid seventeenth century, in Elodie Cassan, ed. Bacon et Descartes: Genese de la modernite philosophique, Editions ENS Lyon.

Jalobeanu, D. (2014e). Constructing natural historical facts: Baconian natural history in Newton’s first paper on light and colours, in Zvi Biener, Eric Schliesser, Newton and Empiricism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Jalobeanu D., Pastorino, C. (2014). Introduction, in Instruments and arts of inquiry: natural history, natural magic and the production of knowledge in early modern Europe, special issue of the Journal of Early Modern Studies 2.

Jalobeanu, D. (2013a). Learning from experiment: classification, concept formation and modeling in Francis Bacon’s experimental philosophy, Revue Roumaine de philosophie 57: 75-93.

Jalobeanu, D. (2013b). Francis Bacon, Early Modern Baconians and the Idols of Baconian Scholarship: Introductory study, Societate si Politica 7: 5-28.

Jalobeanu, D. (2013c). Four idols of Baconian scholarship, Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, Proceedings of the International Workshop on Historiography of Philosophy, Representations and Cultural Constructions, 71:123-130.

Jalobeanu, D. (2012). Francis Bacon’s natural history and the Senecan natural histories of the early modern Europe, Early Science and Medicine 17 (2): 197-229.

Rusu, D.C. (2017a). Rethinking Sylva Sylvarum: Francis Bacon’s Use of Giambattista Della Porta’s Magia Naturalis, Perspectives on Science, forthcoming.

Rusu, D.C., Lüthy, Ch. (2017b). Extracts from a Paper Laboratory. The Status of Francis Bacon’s Sylva Sylvarum, Intellectual History Review, forthcoming.

Rusu, D.C. (2016). Manipulating matter and its appetites: Francis Bacon on causation and the creation of preternatural. In Contingency and Natural order in Early Modern Science, eds. Pietro Daniel Omodeo and Rodolfo Garau, Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science, Springer, forthcoming.

Rusu, D.C. (2014a). Abolishing the Borders between Natural History and Natural Magic: Francis Bacon’s Sylva sylvarum and the Historia vitae et mortis, Society and Politics 8(2):23-42.

Rusu, D.C. (2014b). Critica autorității și folosirea surselor: Francis Bacon despre compilarea istoriilor naturale. In Etica cercetarii si drepturile de autor, ed. Constantin Stoenescu, Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti:47-84.

Dobre, M. (2016a). Book review of Jacques Rohault, Traité de physique, édition par Simone Mazauric, Paris, Édition du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques (Collection CTHS Sciences n° 12), 2014, 830 p. In Artefact. Techniques, histoire et sciences humaines. Le XXe siècle du Technique. Formation, recherché et économie 3:231-235.

Dobre, M. (2016b). Experimental Cartesianism and the problem of space, in Vermeir, Koen and Jonathan Regier (eds.), Boundaries, Extents and Circulations – Space and Spatiality in Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer:153-178. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-41075-3_6.

Dobre, M. (2014a). Considerații despre filosofia experimentului în perioada modernă timpurie, Revista de Filosofie 61 (6):631-642.

Dobre, M. (2014b). Mixing Cartesianism and Newtonianism: the Reception of Cartesian Physics in England. In Gianna Katsiampoura (ed.), Scientific Cosmopolitanism and Local Cultures: Religions, Ideologies, Societies, Proceedings of 5th International Conference of the European Society for the History of Science. Athens: National Hellenic Research Foundation/Institute of Historical Research:126-131.

Dobre, M. (2014c). Book review of Manning, Gideon (ed.), Matter and Form in Early Modern Science and Philosophy (Brill, 2012). In British Journal for the History of Science 47: 375-376. DOI: 10.1017/s0007087414000259.

Dobre, D. (2014d). Book review of Lawrence Nolan (ed.), Primary and Secondary Qualities (Oxford University Press, 2011). In Journal of Early Modern Studies (JEMS) 3 (1): 149-153.

Dobre, M. (2013a). Knowledge and Certainty in the Foundation of Cartesian Natural Philosophy, Revue Roumaine de philosophie 57 (1):95-110.

Dobre, M. (2013b). On Glass-Drops: a Case Study of the Interplay Between Experimentation and Explanation in Seventeenth-Century Natural Philosophy, Journal of Early Modern Studies 2: 105-124. DOI: 10.7761/jems.2.1.105.

Dobre, M. (20113c). Material Objects and Circulation of Knowledge in Early Modern Low Countries. Book-review of Sven Dupré and Christoph Lüthy (eds.), Silent Messengers. The Circulation of Material Objects of Knowledge in the Early Modern Low Countries (Berlin: Lit Verlag, 2011) in Society and Politics 7, 1 (13):117-119.

Matei, O. (2015). Husbandry Tradition and the Emergence of Vegetable Philosophy in the Hartlib Circle, Philosophia. International Journal of Philosophy 16 (1):35-52.

Matei, O. (2013). Macaria, the Hartlib Circle, and Husbanding Creation. Society and Politics 7 (2/14):7-33.

Mateiescu, S. (2013a). Philip Melanchthon and the concept of universal experience, Revue roumaine de philosophie 57, 1:111-131.

Mateiescu, S. (2013b). Francis Bacon on potential heat, Society and Politics 7 (1):5-28.

Dumitru, C. (2013). Crucial Instances and Crucial Experiments in Bacon, Boyle, and Hooke, Society and Politics 7 (1):45-61.

Georgescu, L. (2013). One experiment, different uses: floating magnetic bodies in Peregrinus, Norma and Gilbert, Journal of Early Modern Studies 2 (1): 81-103.

 

Forthcoming books

Dana Jalobeanu, The Hunt of Pan: Francis Bacon’s Art of Experimentation and the Invention of Science, Zeta Books: Bucharest 2017 (forthcoming).

Mihnea Dobre, Metaphysics and Physics in Descartes and Early French Cartesian Natural Philosophy, Zeta Books, Foundations of Modern Thought series, forthcoming.

 

PhD thesis (published)

Doina-Cristina Rusu, From Natural History to Natural Magic. Francis Bacon’s Sylva Sylvarum, Radboud University Nijmegen and Universitaty of Bucharest, 2013.

 

Translations

  1. Dana Jalobeanu, Doina Cristina Rusu eds. Cosmologie filosofică. Texte Fundamentale: I. Renașterea și modernitatea timpurie, Editura Universității din București, 2015.
  2. Francis Bacon, Opere filosofice, vol. 2, Sylva Sylvarum, Editura Humanitas București, 2017, ISBN 978-973-50-5519-6 (translators: Dana Jalobeanu, Doina Cristina Rusu, Claudia Dumitru, Oana Matei, Mihnea Dobre, Grigore Vida)

 

Forthcoming translations:

  1. Mihnea Dobre, ed. Cosmologie filosofică. Texte fundamentale: Vol. II Cosmologia de la Descartes la Newton XVII-XVIII, Editura Universității din București, 2017.
  2. Dana Jalobeanu, Mihnea Dobre eds., Cosmologie filosofică. Texte fundaemntale : Vol. III Cosmologia de la Newton la Kant.

 

Special issues

  1. Claudia Dumitru was guest editor for The Quest for Certainty at the Crossroads of Science, Religion, and Philosophy in the Early Modern Period, Societate si Politica 8 (1) (2014).
  1. Dana Jalobeanu, Cesare Pastorino eds., Instruments and arts of inquiry: natural history, natural magic and the production of knowledge in early modern Europe, special issue of the Journal of Early Modern Studies 2 (2014).
  2. Dana Jalobeanu, ed., The Creative Role of Experimentation in Early Modern Europe, special issue of the Journal of Early Modern Studies 2 (2012).
  1. Doina-Cristina Rusu, ed. Experimental Practices and Philosophical Traditions: Organizing and disseminating knowledge in Early Modern Europe, Society and Politics 8 (2) (2014).

 

Forthcoming special issues:

Dana Jalobeanu and Doina Cristina Rusu are editing a special issue of Centaurus on Bacon and Della Porta on natural history and natural magic (currently under peer-reviewing, papers by Dana Jalobeanu, Doina Cristina Rusu, Cesare Pastorino, Arianna Borelli, Sergius Kodera, Koen Vermeir). Title: ’A High Kind of Natural Magic’: Francis Bacon and Giovan Battista Dellla Porta on ‘Philosophical Instruments’ and the Creative Power of Experimentation

 

Dissemination of results: workshops, conferences and working groups

Our team took part in many scientific events in the past six years; and it would be pointless to enumerate them all (see our web-site for a detailed list of events). We organized four editions of the Bucharest Colloquium in Early Modern Science around the topic of early modern experimental philosophy; and two of these editions ended with the publication of two special issues of the Journal of Early Modern Studies (one edited by Dana Jalobeanu, the other jointly edited by Dana Jalobeanu and Cesare Pastorino). Members of our team initiated panels in important conferences (Scientiae 2013, 2014, 2016, ESHS 2014, 2016, HOPOS 2014). But most important of all, we were invited to join workshops and working-groups which fostered further collaborations. For example, Dana Jalobeanu was invited to join the Newton conference in Hutington Library, California, in 2012. As a result of that visit, we have initiated long-term collaborations with Rob Illiffe (Oxford) who came to Bucharest twice and became involved in organizing the Newton master-class in Bucharest as well as the 16th edition of the Bucharest-Princeton seminar in early modern philosophy. Dana Jalobeanu and Doina-Cristina Rusu became involved in organizing a series of meetings with scholars working on (and translating) Sylva Sylvarum in Paris (2014), Berlin (2015) and Bucharest (2016). Again, some of these meetings have led to a special issue on Bacon and Della Porta (to be published by Centaurus in 2017) as well as to other projects of collaboration to be pursued in the near future.

 

Citations of our work:

Our papers have been quoted by a number of colleagues in top-journals, as well as in a number of PhD thesis submitted across the world. Below is a sample of what we could find so far.

Anstey, Peter R. 2014. “Philosophy of Experiment in Early Modern England: The Case of Bacon, Boyle and Hooke.”  Early Science and Medicine 19 (2):103-132.

Anstey, Peter, and Alberto Vanzo. 2016. “Early Modern Experimental Philosophy.”  A Companion to Experimental Philosophy:87.

Ariew, Roger, Dennis Des Chene, Douglas M Jesseph, Tad M Schmaltz, and Theo Verbeek. 2015. Historical dictionary of Descartes and Cartesian philosophy: Rowman & Littlefield.

Cárdenas Barreto, José Luis. 2015. “Conflicts of experimental philosophy in the seventeenth century.”  Praxis Filosófica (41):57-79.

Feingold, Mordechai. 2016. ““Experimental Philosophy”: Invention and Rebirth of a Seventeenth-Century Concept.”  Early science and medicine 21 (1):1-28.

Garber, Daniel. 2014. “Merchants of Light and Mystery Men: Bacon’s Last Projects in Natural History.”  Journal of Early Modern Studies 4:91-107.

Garber, Daniel. 2015. “Mihnea Dobre and Tammy Nyden, eds. Cartesian Empiricisms. Dordrecht: Springer, 2013. Pp. xiii+ 326. $129.00.”

Giglioni, Guido. 2013. “Learning to Read Nature: Francis Bacon’s Notion of Experiential Literacy (Experientia Literata).”  Early Science and Medicine 4-5:405-434.

Giglioni, Guido. 2016. “Introduction: Francis Bacon and the Theologico-political Reconfiguration of Desire in the Early Modern Period.” In Francis Bacon on Motion and Power, 1-39. Springer.

Holmes, Tarquin. 2015. “Domesticating the Wild Type: A Historical Investigation of the Role of the Domestic-Wild Divide in Scientific Knowledge Production.”PhD, Philosophy, University of Exeter.

Lawson, Ian. 2014. “Robert Hooke’s microscope: the epistemology of an instrument.” PhD PhD, Philosophy, University of Sydney.

Long, Seth D. 2015. “Visualizing Words and Knowledge: Arts of Memory from the Agora to the Computer.”PhD, Syracuse University.

Park, Woosuk. 2016. “Ad Hoc Hypothesis Generation as Enthymeme Resolution.” In Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology, 507-529. Springer.

Schwartz, Daniel. 2014. “Is Bacon’s natural history theory laden.”  Journal of Early Modern Studies 3 (1):63-91.

Scott, Elizabeth. 2016. “The secret nature of seeds: science & seed improvement c. 1520-1700.” University of East Anglia.

Selcer, Daniel. 2014. “From scientia operativa to scientia intuitiva: Producing particulars in Bacon and Spinoza.”  Intellectual History Review 24 (1):39-57.

Van Dyck, Maarten, and Koen Vermeir. 2014. “Varieties of wonder:: John Wilkins’ mathematical magic and the perpetuity of invention.”  Historia Mathematica 41 (4):463-489.

Vanzo, Alberto. 2016. “Experiment and speculation in seventeenth-century Italy: The case of Geminiano Montanari.”  Studies In History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:52-61.