Sandra Dragomir

Sandra Dragomir is a M.A. student attending the M.A-programme of History and Philosophy of science of at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest. She is a member of the Center for the Logic, History and Philosophy of Science (CELFIS) in the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest. Her main are of research is history and philosophy of science, with a special focus on the history of Reformation thought and history of medicine. Her current research focuses on the part played by the protestant natural histories and natural theologies in shaping the modern type of natural inquiry emerging in the seventeenth century. She is also concerned with how the disciplinary map of the sixteenth century has integrated the histoire naturelle so as to determine a shift in the scholarly comprehension and reception of what the domain of scientific knowledge embraced at the end of the sixteenth century.

 

As a member of the PCE grant awarded by the CNCS for the project From natural history to science: the emergence of experimental philosophy (2012–2015 (PN-II-ID-PCE-2011-3-0719)) she is inquiring into the importance and part played by empirical knowledge in the epistemologies depicted in protestant sixteenth-century natural theologies and natural histories. She focuses in particular on the natural philosophy of the protestant reformer Philip Melanchthon, his scholarly milieu and his curricular reform, as well as the reception of his natural theology and natural philosophy by late sixteenth-century reformed naturalists, historians and philosophers. She is currently writing a paper on the part that observation and experience is playing in the epistemological framework proposed by Philipp Melanchthon in his Initia Doctrinae Physicae .

Therefore her research will consist in the inquiry into primary works as Melanchthon´s Physics ( Philip Melanchthon, Initiae Doctrinae Physicae, Die Anfänge der physikalischen Lehre übertragen von Walter Ludwig, Mare Leidorf Verlag, Leidorf, 2008) and Psychology (Philipp Melanchthon, Liber de anima,Witenbergae:Ruel, 1589), his Orations (Philipp Melanchthon, Orations on Philosophy and Education, Sachiko Kusukawa (ed.), translated by  Christine F. Salzar, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999) and his fellow reformers :Martin Luther (Martin Luther, Der Mensch vor Gott, Deutsch-Lateinische Studienausgabe heraus. und eingel. von Wilfried Härle, Evanghelische Verlagsanstaltung, Leipzig 2006), Jean Calvin (Johannes Calvin, Unterricht in der christlichen Religion, nach der letzten Ausgabe von 1559 übersetzt und bearbeitet von Otto Weber, neu herausg. Von Matthias Freudenberg, Neu-Kichener Verl, Neu-Kirchen, 2009) and naturalists, natural historians and philosophers like Andreas Vesalius (Andreas Vesalius Anatomia, neugesetzte und überarbeitete Ausgabe, nach der Ausgabe von 1551, Wiesbaden-Marix, 2004)

 

This year, Sandra  co-organized and attended the 3rd Bucharest Graduate Conference in Early Modern Philosophy( Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest 22-23 March) and also attended the 3rd Bucharest Colloquim in Early Modern Science(Faculty of Philosophy , University of Bucharest, 23-24 March). At the Bucharest Graduate Conference she presented a paper entitled :”Human nature and understanding in Initiae Doctrinae Physicae, A contextualizing analysis.  She also attended the Bucharest-Princeton Seminar in Early Modern Philosophy(29th  June-4th July 2012)

Sandra also has attended a research stage of six weeks at the Melanchthon-Academy in Bretten(20 April-4 June 2012 ), Baden-Wuerttemberg where she was able to undertake extensive research and carefully study the works and sources of Philipp Melanchthon and receive helpful guidance by the scholar of Reformation History and Philosophy Guenter Frank, director of the Academy, professor at the Institute for Philosophy at the Technical Institute, Karlsruhe.

Sandra Dragomir is currently writing on a paper comparing the natural philosophical accounts of Philipp Melanchthon and the nominalist philosopher and theologian Bartholomäus Arnoldi von Usingen, trying to identify the influence that Nominalism exerted on Reformed natural philosophy. She will do so by attentively analysing  the particular concepts of motion, substance, principles and theological premises in the philosophical accounts of the two mentioned philosophers. This paper will be presented at the 5th ESHS Conference in Athen this year(1-3 november 2012) This analysis  treats a work published at the beginning of the 16th century to insist upon the thesis that the influence of a particular theological stance and ontological assumptions particular to a late nominalist view are-as scholarship has shown- taken over by Lutheran and Calvinist reformers (Blumeberg, 1966, Oberman, 1979, Lalla, 2003) and integrated in their particular epistemological views. Sandra’s aim is to specifically point at the way natural philosophy in the Initiae Doctrinae Physicae has evolved founded on nominalistic presuppositions but has also developed into a humanistic account which raises new problems and hints at a new understanding of nature which will fully emerge in the century following the publication of Melanchthon’s work. How it has become possible for modern, experimental natural philosophy to appear and evolve can be explained by looking into such earlier natural philosophical accounts. This paper will be written for publishing.