Category Archives: Philosophy of science or integrated HPS?

Pentru seminarul din 13 decembrie

Pentru seminarul din 13 decembrie va rog sa cititi Robert Boyle, Experiments touching cold, Discourses I and III (pp. 1-34 and 74-104). Textul se gaseste in drop-box.

6 decembrie

In loc de curs, in 6 decembrie va rog sa veniti  la conferinta/workshopul pe care-l organizez la facultate (si care este foarte mult construit exact pe subiectul cursului nostru). Aici gasiti programul conferintei:

http://blogs.ub-filosofie.ro/filosofie/2012/11/30/workshop-arta-experimentarii-intre-practica-si-tip-de-scriere-cazul-experientia-literata/

 

 

Cursul si seminarul din 22 noiembrie

Pentru cursul si seminarul din 22 noiembrie vă propun două texte baconiene cu ajutorul cărora să încercăm să elucidăm unele dintre întrebările ridicate săptămâna trecută.

1. Ce este inductio/interpretatio naturae? (cum se presupune că ar putea funcționa). Noul Organon, cartea II, aforismele 1-23

2. Ce este experientia literata? Ce relație există între experientia literata și inductio? Texte: De augmentis scientiarum Cartea V. V-am pus traducerea lui Spedding în drop-box.

Astept aici comentariile și întrebările voastre. Și vă rog să nu uitați de rezumatul discuției de data trecută. Pentru cei care doresc să discute cu mine în cadrul orelor de consultație, mă găsiți la birou luni de la ora 15-17 și joi de la ora 14-16. Vă rog însă să vă anunțați participarea la consultații printr-un email.

Cursul si seminarul din 15 noiembrie

Pentru cursul si seminarul din 15 noiembrie aveti de citit urmatoarele

Bibliografie primara

Bacon, Noul organon, Cartea I aforismele 100-107 si 110-121, 127, 130 (ramase de data trecuta)

Hacking, ch. 15 Baconian topics (ramas de data trecuta si partial discutat la seminar)

F. Steinle, Experiments in History and Philosophy of Science, Perspectives on Science 10 2002, 408-432,

F. Steinle, Entering New Fields: Exploratory Uses of Experimentation, Philosophy of Science 64, Proceedings, S65-S74.

Gasiti toate textele in drop-box (folderul &HPS)

Astept aici, sub forma de comment-uri, intrebarile si comentariile voastre pe tema experimentelor baconiene.

Anunt: cursul din 8 noiembrie nu se tine

Din motive obiective, cursul si seminarul din 8 noiembrie nu se tin. Vom recupera seminarul saptamana viitoare (raman deocamdata aceleasi texte).

Intre timp, va atrag atentia ca am facut o pagina cu teme interesante de cercetare si propuneri de teme pentru lucrari (de curs/seminar, dar si de dizertatie). Astept doritorii sa se anunte prin email si sa se programeze pentru o discutie individuala. Saptamana viitoare voi tine office hours atat luni 14-16 cat si joi 14-16 insa va rog sa va anuntati participarea si sa stabilim o programare pe ore mai precisa (pentru a nu tine oameni la usa biroului).

Pentru seminarul de JOI 1 noiembrie

Pentru seminarul de joi va rog sa cititi cap. 13 si 15 din Ian Hacking, Representing and intervening (in drop-box) si sa recititi fragmentele ramase ne-parcurse din Bacon (cele din carte I pe care nu le-am discutat data trecuta). Apoi, din cartea II a Noului Organon va rog sa incepeti sa cititi fragmentele despre instantele prerogative (despre care vorbeste Hacking in cap 15).  de la II. 21 incolo (in editia pe care v-am pus-o in drop-box se foloseste traducerea instances of special power pentru ceea ce era tradus de Spedding prerogative instances).

Astept aici intrebarile si nelamuririle voastre (sub formă de comment) – acestea ne-ar putea ajuta sa direcționăm cursul și seminarul.

 

Seminar 25 octomber: readings

For the course and seminar on Thursday, 25 octomber, I will ask you to read the following items:

Ian Hacking,Representing and intervening,Chap. 9 (Experiments) and Chap. 10 (Observations)

Francis Bacon, Novum Organum, introduction and plan of the work;

Further reading:

Francis Bacon, Novum organum, Book I aphorisms 95-129 (Oxford Francis Bacon vol. XI 153-193)

I have put the texts for the seminar in a drop-box file entitled &HPS. In order to access them I need you to send me an email (containing also what we had agreed on, namely a short presentation of yourself and your interests). I will send you an invitation to install drop-box or, in case you have drop-box already, I will send you a ‘share’ option so that you can access the special folder.

Course presentation

Good history and philosophy of science is not just history of science into which some philosophy of science may enter, or philosophy of science into which some history of science may enter. It is work that is both historical and philosophical at the same time. The founding insight of the modern discipline of HPS is that history and philosophy have a special affinity and one can effectively advance both simultaneously. (&HPS Manifesto)

This course is dedicated to the exploration of some selected/significant episodes in the history of science in order to respond relevant and current questions in philosophy of science.

Interesting questions:

The leading question in our course this semester will concern the various relations and the interplay between experiments and (scientific) theories at various points in the history of science. We will ask subsequent questions such as:

  • what are the roles and functions played by a scientific experiment? (what are the conditions and the ‘constraints’ that make a scientific experiment ‘scientific’?)
  • when do experiments ‘end’? How are they validated?
  • what are the possible relations between experiments and theories (in general) and in what particular relations can they stay? (experiments can test theories, they can contribute to the confirmation or coroboration of theories, experiments can play a role in concept formation, they can have a heuristic and exploratory role, experiments can constitute an important part of the research strategy etc.

We will attempt to approach such questions from both the contemporary perspective of the New Experimentalism and current philosophy of science and from the historical perspective. We will study significant episodes from the history of science, especially those in which philosophers and scientists of the past have reflected upon the complex interplay between their experimental activities and their corresponding theories.

Course objectives

The main objective of the course is to familiarize the students with contemporary ‘hot’ topics in the philosophy of scientific experimentation and to integrate such topics in the wider discipline of philosophy of science. Also, the course aims to facilitate the access to primary texts in science, through philosophical and historical questions and discussions.

Course requirements

Good knowledge of English (both speaking and writing) is mandatory. Also, I am assuming that you have read at least some basic texts in general philosophy of science. For those of you who are not in this situation, I can provide a minimal reading list for individual study. We can further discuss this issues during my office hours.

General requirements

I expect you to take an active part in the course, both during our meetings, and through posting on this blog.  I expect you to read the required readings and yell each time you don’t understand something (no yelling, no further explanation).

More on teaching and learning

A course is a highly interactive, highly collaborative activity; teaching and learning happens on both sides if the collaboration goes well. I am prepared to listen and learn from you. I am prepared to start from your questions and try to give you answers and further questions from where we can all learn. If you do not have questions, we are all in trouble (and usually means you have not learned anything).

The purpose of this blog

The purpose of this blog is to facilitate the communication and collaboration. It offers a platform of interaction and it is designed to help you learning to ask questions and perhaps even learn how to reply to some of them. Using this blog is mandatory. You are supposed to use it at least once a week, in preparation for the seminar. I will post here materials for each course/seminar. Before every seminar, you are required to post here, under the form of comment, at least 2 questions relating to the texts we are all preparing. You will be also writing small posts relating to particular subjects/questions arising during our seminars and you will post them yourselves on this blog.

Evaluation

I will evaluate three components: your activity during the seminar, your activity on the blog and the preparation of your final paper. We won’t organize an exam, we will organize a small conference/coloquium at the end of the course, when each of you will be giving a 15 min talk on a subject prepared during the second part of the semester. More on how to choose a subject will be posted here soon.

Coloquium/mini-conference:

This will be a one-day mini-conference, in a workshop format. It will be entirely organized by you, according to the rules you establish together. The purpose of the coloquium will be to facilitate paper-presentations and discussions in such a way that at the end of it, each participant will have a paper in a ‘publishable’ format. A worked and rewritten draft of that paper can be sumbitted further for a more serious conference (for example Bucharest Graduate Colloquium in Early Modern Philosophy 2013, or the Princeton-Bucharest seminar in Early Modern Philosophy etc.)

Office hours:

Thursday: 14-16 or by special appointment